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FREE NIOS Political Science (317) SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2020-21

Nios Solved Assignment 2020-21 राजनीति विज्ञान/Political Science (317) in PDF 12th Class

Get Nios Solved Assignments 2020-2021 Senior Secondary (12th) In PDF format All NIOS TMA answers are available in Computerized Typing so students can easily understand and face no problems when copying from My Online Nios Solved Assignment 2020-21

1.Answer any one out of the following questions in about 40-60 words

(b) State two situations in which the 'President's Rule' can be extended beyond one year.


According to this provision, the president's rule can only be extended over a year every 6 months under the following conditions:

1. There is already a national emergency throughout India, or in the whole or any part of the state.

2. The Election Commission certifies that elections cannot be conducted in the concerned state.

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40 to 60 words.

(a) How does the provisions of Women Reservation enhanced the role of women in Indian Politics?


In 1993, a constitutional amendment was passed in India that called for a random one third of village council leader, or Sarpanch, positions in gram panchayat to be reserved for women.
There is a long-term plan to extend this reservation to parliament and legislative assemblies. Its opponents consider this preferential treatment  of women in India as discrimination against them in admissions to schools, colleges, and universities.

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40 to 60 words.

(a) The concept of Sustainable Development is more about environment and less about development". Justify the statement.


Environmental sustainability requires society to design activities to meet human needs while preserving the life support systems of the planet. ...

Inherently the concept of sustainable development is intertwined with the concept of carrying capacity.

Sustainable Development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depends. The desired result is a state of society where living conditions and resources are used to continue to meet human needs without undermining the integrity and stability of the natural system. Sustainable development can be defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words

(a) Analyse the impact of communalism on Indian politics.


Communalism is affecting the Indian politics in the following ways: Organisation of Political parties on Communal Basis:In India, many political parties have been organized on communal basis. The Muslim League, the Hindu Maha Sabha, the DMK, the Akali Dal are organised on religious basis. Political leaders also encourage communalism to get votes at the time of elections.

Selection of Candidates for Elections: Political parties, while selecting candidates for the election, give great importance to communalism. A candidate belonging to the majority community in that constituency is given ticket of the party.

Voting on Communal Basis: Voters generally vote on communal lines. Besides, communal riots often break out in many parts of the country. After getting elected, the representatives try to safeguard the interests of their community and ignore national interests. These conditions hinder the progress of democracy in the country.

(b) Evaluate the role of citizens in the process of good government. 


India is the largest democracy in the world and citizens here are highly enthusiastic to be a part of Governance. In a democratic system, citizen participation is one of the key components of decision making process. MyGov - External website that opens in a new window is an innovative platform launched to ensure citizens' engagement in decision making by the Government so that the ultimate goal of "Good Governance" for building India is achieved. This initiative is an opportunity for citizens and well-wishers from across the world to share their views on key issues directly with the Prime Minister of India - External website that opens  in a new window.

Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi - External website that  opens in a new window launched MyGov - External website that opens in a new window to empower the citizens of India to contribute towards Surajya. The Prime Minister believes that "the success of democracy is impossible without participation of the people".

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 to 150 words.

(a) What are the major hindrences to good governance? 


Good governance means an accountable and audited public service which has the bureaucratic competence to implement appropriate public policies and an independent judicial system to uphold the law. Despite the continuing efforts to enhance the quality of governance in the country, from insufficiencies and complexities, both structural and non-structural, there are hindrances that still exist.

Inefficiency of Bureaucracy
Nepotism and Politicization in Public Administration
Improper use of resources
Poor Planning Strategy
Measures for good governance taken by India

(b) Analyse how the right to education has ensured "free and compulsory education" for the children aged between 6 to 14 years.


Every child of the age of six to fourteen years shall have a right to free and compulsory education in a neighbourhood school till completion of elementary education Where a child above six years of age has not been admitted in any school or though admitted, could not complete his or  her elementary education, then, he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age, no child shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing the elementary education.

Right to Free and Compulsory Elementary Education

The Bill provides that children between the ages of six and 14 years have the right to free and compulsory education in a neighbourhood school. The government shall ensure that all children have this right. Children with disabilities including mental illness, mental retardation, blindness, and hearing loss, shall also have this right.

A child above six years of age who is not enrolled in school or was unable to complete his education shall be enrolled in an age appropriate class. Furthermore, these children have a right to receive special training in order to reach their peer group level. Elementary education shall be free until completion, even if the child is older than 14 years.

No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until the completion of elementary education. A child who completes elementary education shall be awarded a certificate as prescribed.

No child shall be subject to physical punishment or mental harassment. Those officials that contravene this provision shall be liable for disciplinary action under the applicable service rules.

6. Prepare any one project of the given below:

(b) Undertake a survey of 20 families in your locality. Find out the educational level, working hours, nature of work of women vis-a-vis men. What conclusions do you draw on the basis of this survey related to the following issues:

(i) Status of women in the family
(ii) Economic contribution by the women
(iii) Level of gender discrimination

Suggest ways and means to improve the existing scenario. 


After undertaking the survey, following conclusions can be made:

(i) Status of women in the family: Most women were faced discrimination. Patriarchal setups were seen in most families.

(ii) Economic contribution by the women: Only 30% of the women contributed economically as most were housewives.

(iii) Level of gender discrimination: The level of gender discrimination is high in the region.

The ways and means to improve the existing scenario are as under:

(i) Establishing equal opportunities for both men and women.
(ii) Spreading awareness about gender discrimination.
(iii) Teaching equality from primary level of education.

The submission of TMAs The schedule for submission of the Secondary Course TMAs at AIs for both admission block are given below:

Table No. 1:
Public ExaminationBy Learners to study centersFeedback by the Subject Teacher to the Learner
April/May31st January15th February
October/November 31st July15th August

If the last date so mentioned happens to be a public holiday / Saturday / Sunday, for the reason, the next working day will be automatically treated as the last.

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